Improving the exchange of medical information through applied ontologies

As part of the Open Biological and Biomedical Ontology (OBO) Foundry, the GRIIS is joining forces with an international community that develops compatible ontologies.

An ontology is a rigorous representation of a domain of reality (e.g. the medical field). It uses language that computers understand. This allows computers to reason in an automated way. By means of computer science, we can automatically test the logical coherence of an ontology or infer new knowledge.

At the GRIIS, we develop ontologies in the biomedical field, such as an ontology of drug prescriptions or an ontology of cardiovascular diseases. These ontologies are subsequently applied in health informatics.

Ontologies can assist the linkage of health data that is diverse and heterogeneous (e.g. clinic and hospital data). With ontologies, computer systems can communicate with each other, even though they may be constructed differently.

Related scientific publications

Consult five of our most recent publications on ontologies.

Toyoshima F (2021) Roles and their three facets: A foundational perspective. Applied Ontology Preprint:1–32 . https://doi.org/10.3233/AO-210244 Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) Functional Parthood: A Dispositional Perspective. In: Proceedings of the 6th Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2020). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Virtual & Bozen-Bolzano, Italy, p 8 Cite Download
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Vieu L, Fabry P, Ethier J-F (2020) The Mereological Structure of Informational Entities. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press Cite Download
Toyoshima F (2020) Foundations for Ontology of Persistence: Beyond Talk of Temporal Parts. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press, pp 17–31 Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Grenier O (2020) Foundations for an Ontology of Belief, Desire and Intention. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press, pp 140–154 Cite
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2020) Clinical Documents and Their Parts. In: Hastings J, Loebe F (eds) ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano (virtual event), Italy, p A.1-11 Cite Download
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) An Ontological Representation of Sex and Gender Information. In: Hastings J, Loebe F (eds) ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano, Italy, p O.1-5 Cite Download
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) QUESTO – An ontology for questionnaire. In: ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano, Italy, p B.1-12 Cite Download
Barton A (2020) L'ontologie appliquée : un dialogue entre métaphysique analytique et traitement de l'information. In: Lacroix A (ed) La philosophie pratique : un passage obligé pour penser la société. Presses de l'Université Laval, pp 87–108 Cite
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2020) Approaching Roles with Affordances. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Virtual & Bozen-Bolzano, Italy, p 14 Cite Download
Toyoshima F, Barton A (2019) Linking image schemas with affordances: An ontological approach. In: Barton A, Seppälä S, Porello D (eds) Proceedings of the 5th Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2019). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Graz, Austria, pp 1–9 Cite
Barton A, Seppälä S, Porello D (2019) Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 - Episode V: The Styrian Autumn of Ontology. In: JOWO 2019 The Joint Ontology Workshops. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Graz, Autriche Cite
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Fraikin B, Barton A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2019) Advanced ontology-driven relational database generation for heterogeneous data : Ontorelα. Journal on Data Semantics (JODS) [Submitted 2019-09-20] Cite
Khnaisser C, Looten V, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F, Burgun A (2019) Combining ontology and temporal databases for data reuse: the example of hospital organizational structures. International Journal of Medical Informatics (IJMI) [To be publised] Cite
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Fraikin B, Barton A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2019) Generating a relational database for heterogeneous data using an ontology Cite Download
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2019) LABO: an ontology for laboratory test prescription and reporting Cite Download Download
Barton A, Duncan W, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2018) First steps towards an ontology of belief. In: The Joint Ontology Workshops JOWO 2018. Cape Town, Afrique du Sud Cite Download
Barton A, Grenier O, Ethier J-F (2018) The identity and mereology of pathological dispositions. In: Jaiswal P, Cooper L, Haendel MA, Mungall CJ (eds) Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Biological Ontology (ICBO 2018). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Corvallis, Oregon, États-Unis, pp 1–6 Cite
Ethier J-F (2018) Quelles ontologies pour un système de santé apprenant ?​ Cite Download
Bibault J-E, Zapletal E, Rance B, Giraud P, Burgun A (2018) Labeling for Big Data in radiation oncology: The Radiation Oncology Structures  ontology. PLoS One 13:e0191263 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191263 Cite
Barton A, Grenier O, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2018) The identity of dispositions. In: Borgo S, Hitzler P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference (FOIS 2018). IOS Press, Cape Town, Afrique du Sud, pp 113–126 Cite Download Download
Barton A, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2018) A taxonomy of disposition-parthood. In: Galton A, Neuhaus F (eds) Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2017, CEUR Workshop proceedings. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–10 Cite Download
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2018) Generating relational database using ontology review : Issues, challenges and trends. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (IJACSA) 9: . https://doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2018.090620 Cite Download
Ethier J-F, Barton A, Taseen R (2018) An ontological analysis of drug prescriptions. Applied Ontology 13:273–294 . https://doi.org/10.3233/AO-180202 Cite Download
Barton A, Jansen L, Rosier A, Ethier J-F (2018) What is a risk? A formal representation of risk of stroke for people with atrial fibrillation. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology. Newcastle, UK, pp 1–6 Cite Download
Goodbrand JA, Hughes LD, Cochrane L, Donnan PT, McGilchrist MM, Frost H, McMurdo MET, Witham MD (2017) Association between bisphosphonate therapy and outcomes from rehabilitation in older people. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 70:195–200 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2017.01.017 Cite Download
Barton A, Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F (2017) Ambiguities in medical bitemporalized relational databases: A referent tracking view. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2017, CEUR Workshop proceedings. Boeker, M., Herre, H., Jansen, L., Loebe, F., & Shober, D., Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–5 Cite Download
Barton A (2017) L’ontologie est-elle une science? In: Silberstein M (ed) Qu’est-ce que la science... pour vous?, Editions Matériologiques. Paris, pp 21–26 Cite
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Diab H, Ethier J-F (2017) Unification des données par les connaissances: méthode de construction d’une entrepôt de données historicisé de santé guidée par les ontologies Cite Download
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2017) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Barton A, Rosier A (2016) Ontologies appliquées biomédicales et ontologie philosophique : un développement complémentaire. Lato Sensu 3:1–8 Cite
Liang SF, Ethier J-F, Porat T, Tapuria A, Delaney BC, Curcin V (2016) MeTMapS—Medical terminology mapping system. In: 7th Workshop on Ontologies and Data in Life Sciences. Halle, Allemagne Cite Download
Rosier A, Mabo P, Temal L, Van Hille P, Dameron O, Deleger L, Grouin C, Zweigenbaum P, Jacques J, Chazard E, Laporte L, Henry C, Burgun A (2016) Remote Monitoring of Cardiac Implantable Devices: Ontology Driven Classification of  the Alerts. Stud Health Technol Inform 221:59–63 Cite
Ethier J-F, Taseen R, Lavoie L, Barton A (2016) Improving the semantics of drug prescriptions with a realist ontology. In: Jaiswal P, Hoehndorf R, Arighi C, Meier A (eds) Proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Biological Ontology and BioCreative. Oregon, États-Unis, p IT603:1-6 Cite Download
Barton A, Ethier J-F (2016) The two ontological faces of velocity. In: Ferrario R, Kuhn W (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference (FOIS 2016). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 123–136 Cite Download Download
Barton A, Jansen L (2016) A modelling pattern for multi-track dispositions for life-science ontologies. In: Loebe F, Boeker M, Herre H, Jansen L, Schober D (eds) ODLS 2016 - Ontologies and Data in Life Sciences. p H.1-2 Cite Download
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2016) Méthode de construction d’entrepôts de données temporalissées guidée par les ontologies Cite Download
Barton A, Ethier J-F, Taseen R (2016) Ontologies to support learning health systems Cite
Barton A, Duvauferrier R, Burgun A (2015) Formalization of indicators of diagnostic performance in a realist ontology. In: Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO-2015). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, pp 63–70 Cite Download
Ethier J-F, Curcin V, Barton A, McGilchrist MM, Bastiaens H, Andreasson A, Rossiter J, Zhao L, Arvanitis TN, Taweel A, Delaney BC, Burgun A (2015) Clinical data integration model: Core interoperability ontology for research using primary care data. Methods Inf Med 54:16–23 . https://doi.org/10.3414/ME13-02-0024 Cite Download
Barton A, Rovetto R, Mizoguchi R (2014) Newtonian forces and causation: a dispositional account. In: Garbacz P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference (FOIS 2014). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 157–170 Cite Download
Barton A, Rosier A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2014) The cardiovascular disease ontology. In: Proceedings of the 8th conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 409–414 Cite Download
Barton A, Rosier A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2014) The cardiovascular disease ontology. In: Garbacz P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference (FOIS 2014). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 409–414 Cite Download
Barton A, Burgun A, Duvauferrier R (2012) Probability assignments to dispositions in ontologies. In: Donnelly M, Guizzardi G (eds) Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS2012). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 3–14 Cite Download
Masolo C, Barton A (accepté) The identity of property particulars. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–10 Cite
Barton A, Vieu L, Ethier J-F (accepté) Directing actions. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–10 Cite
Barton A, Fabry P, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F (accepté) LABO: An ontology for laboratory test prescription and reporting. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–9 Cite
Barton A, Fabry P, Ethier J-F (accepté) A classification of instructions in drug prescriptions and pharmacist documents. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO 2019). Buffalo, New York, USA, pp 1–7 Cite

Ontologies

Prescription of Drugs Ontology (PDRO)

PDRO is a realist ontology that aims to represent the domain of drug prescriptions. PDRO’s central focus is the structure of a drug prescription.

The PDRO ontology is the topic of a scientific article published in the journal Applied Ontology.

Cardiovascular Disease Ontology (CVDO)

The CVDO ontology differentiates between cardiovascular diseases, underlying disorders and associated pathological processes.

It is based on the disease model proposed by the Ontology for General Medical Science (OGMS).

Clinical Laboratory Test Document Ontology (LABO)

The LABO ontology represents documents that prescribe laboratory tests and that provide their results.

It is coordinated with OBO Foundry ontologies like the Information Artifact Ontology (IAO) and the Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI).

Open source ontologies for learning health systems

The GRIIS ontology team has published a dozen open source ontologies. These knowledge models are used in software development to support health care and health systems.

Partners

Key partners

The Quebec Support Unit of the Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research is made possible under the Canadian Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research (SPOR) funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and supported by the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec and the Fonds de recherche du Québec—Santé (FRQS).

With the support of

Applied ontologies directors

Adrien Barton - GRIIS

Adrien Barton

Associate professor at the Department of Philosophy at Université de Sherbrooke

CNRS research fellow at the Institut de recherche en informatique in Toulouse

View profile »
Jean-François Ethier - GRIIS - Groupe de recherche interdisciplinaire en informatique de la santé

Jean-François Ethier

Co-founder and scientific co-director of the GRIIS
Associate professor of medicine at Université de Sherbrooke
Licensed physician at the CHUS
Director of the Access to Data component at the Quebec Support Unit of the Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research

View profile »

Related scientific publications

See all our publications related to ontologies.

Toyoshima F (2021) Roles and their three facets: A foundational perspective. Applied Ontology Preprint:1–32 . https://doi.org/10.3233/AO-210244 Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) Functional Parthood: A Dispositional Perspective. In: Proceedings of the 6th Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2020). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Virtual & Bozen-Bolzano, Italy, p 8 Cite Download
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Vieu L, Fabry P, Ethier J-F (2020) The Mereological Structure of Informational Entities. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press Cite Download
Toyoshima F (2020) Foundations for Ontology of Persistence: Beyond Talk of Temporal Parts. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press, pp 17–31 Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Grenier O (2020) Foundations for an Ontology of Belief, Desire and Intention. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press, pp 140–154 Cite
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2020) Clinical Documents and Their Parts. In: Hastings J, Loebe F (eds) ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano (virtual event), Italy, p A.1-11 Cite Download
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) An Ontological Representation of Sex and Gender Information. In: Hastings J, Loebe F (eds) ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano, Italy, p O.1-5 Cite Download
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) QUESTO – An ontology for questionnaire. In: ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano, Italy, p B.1-12 Cite Download
Barton A (2020) L'ontologie appliquée : un dialogue entre métaphysique analytique et traitement de l'information. In: Lacroix A (ed) La philosophie pratique : un passage obligé pour penser la société. Presses de l'Université Laval, pp 87–108 Cite
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2020) Approaching Roles with Affordances. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Virtual & Bozen-Bolzano, Italy, p 14 Cite Download
Toyoshima F, Barton A (2019) Linking image schemas with affordances: An ontological approach. In: Barton A, Seppälä S, Porello D (eds) Proceedings of the 5th Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2019). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Graz, Austria, pp 1–9 Cite
Barton A, Seppälä S, Porello D (2019) Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 - Episode V: The Styrian Autumn of Ontology. In: JOWO 2019 The Joint Ontology Workshops. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Graz, Autriche Cite
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Fraikin B, Barton A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2019) Advanced ontology-driven relational database generation for heterogeneous data : Ontorelα. Journal on Data Semantics (JODS) [Submitted 2019-09-20] Cite
Khnaisser C, Looten V, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F, Burgun A (2019) Combining ontology and temporal databases for data reuse: the example of hospital organizational structures. International Journal of Medical Informatics (IJMI) [To be publised] Cite
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Fraikin B, Barton A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2019) Generating a relational database for heterogeneous data using an ontology Cite Download
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2019) LABO: an ontology for laboratory test prescription and reporting Cite Download Download
Barton A, Duncan W, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2018) First steps towards an ontology of belief. In: The Joint Ontology Workshops JOWO 2018. Cape Town, Afrique du Sud Cite Download
Barton A, Grenier O, Ethier J-F (2018) The identity and mereology of pathological dispositions. In: Jaiswal P, Cooper L, Haendel MA, Mungall CJ (eds) Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Biological Ontology (ICBO 2018). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Corvallis, Oregon, États-Unis, pp 1–6 Cite
Ethier J-F (2018) Quelles ontologies pour un système de santé apprenant ?​ Cite Download
Bibault J-E, Zapletal E, Rance B, Giraud P, Burgun A (2018) Labeling for Big Data in radiation oncology: The Radiation Oncology Structures  ontology. PLoS One 13:e0191263 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191263 Cite
Barton A, Grenier O, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2018) The identity of dispositions. In: Borgo S, Hitzler P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference (FOIS 2018). IOS Press, Cape Town, Afrique du Sud, pp 113–126 Cite Download Download
Barton A, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2018) A taxonomy of disposition-parthood. In: Galton A, Neuhaus F (eds) Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2017, CEUR Workshop proceedings. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–10 Cite Download
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2018) Generating relational database using ontology review : Issues, challenges and trends. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (IJACSA) 9: . https://doi.org/10.14569/IJACSA.2018.090620 Cite Download
Ethier J-F, Barton A, Taseen R (2018) An ontological analysis of drug prescriptions. Applied Ontology 13:273–294 . https://doi.org/10.3233/AO-180202 Cite Download
Barton A, Jansen L, Rosier A, Ethier J-F (2018) What is a risk? A formal representation of risk of stroke for people with atrial fibrillation. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology. Newcastle, UK, pp 1–6 Cite Download
Goodbrand JA, Hughes LD, Cochrane L, Donnan PT, McGilchrist MM, Frost H, McMurdo MET, Witham MD (2017) Association between bisphosphonate therapy and outcomes from rehabilitation in older people. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 70:195–200 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2017.01.017 Cite Download
Barton A, Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F (2017) Ambiguities in medical bitemporalized relational databases: A referent tracking view. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2017, CEUR Workshop proceedings. Boeker, M., Herre, H., Jansen, L., Loebe, F., & Shober, D., Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–5 Cite Download
Barton A (2017) L’ontologie est-elle une science? In: Silberstein M (ed) Qu’est-ce que la science... pour vous?, Editions Matériologiques. Paris, pp 21–26 Cite
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Diab H, Ethier J-F (2017) Unification des données par les connaissances: méthode de construction d’une entrepôt de données historicisé de santé guidée par les ontologies Cite Download
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2017) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Barton A, Rosier A (2016) Ontologies appliquées biomédicales et ontologie philosophique : un développement complémentaire. Lato Sensu 3:1–8 Cite
Liang SF, Ethier J-F, Porat T, Tapuria A, Delaney BC, Curcin V (2016) MeTMapS—Medical terminology mapping system. In: 7th Workshop on Ontologies and Data in Life Sciences. Halle, Allemagne Cite Download
Rosier A, Mabo P, Temal L, Van Hille P, Dameron O, Deleger L, Grouin C, Zweigenbaum P, Jacques J, Chazard E, Laporte L, Henry C, Burgun A (2016) Remote Monitoring of Cardiac Implantable Devices: Ontology Driven Classification of  the Alerts. Stud Health Technol Inform 221:59–63 Cite
Ethier J-F, Taseen R, Lavoie L, Barton A (2016) Improving the semantics of drug prescriptions with a realist ontology. In: Jaiswal P, Hoehndorf R, Arighi C, Meier A (eds) Proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Biological Ontology and BioCreative. Oregon, États-Unis, p IT603:1-6 Cite Download
Barton A, Ethier J-F (2016) The two ontological faces of velocity. In: Ferrario R, Kuhn W (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference (FOIS 2016). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 123–136 Cite Download Download
Barton A, Jansen L (2016) A modelling pattern for multi-track dispositions for life-science ontologies. In: Loebe F, Boeker M, Herre H, Jansen L, Schober D (eds) ODLS 2016 - Ontologies and Data in Life Sciences. p H.1-2 Cite Download
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2016) Méthode de construction d’entrepôts de données temporalissées guidée par les ontologies Cite Download
Barton A, Ethier J-F, Taseen R (2016) Ontologies to support learning health systems Cite
Barton A, Duvauferrier R, Burgun A (2015) Formalization of indicators of diagnostic performance in a realist ontology. In: Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO-2015). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, pp 63–70 Cite Download
Ethier J-F, Curcin V, Barton A, McGilchrist MM, Bastiaens H, Andreasson A, Rossiter J, Zhao L, Arvanitis TN, Taweel A, Delaney BC, Burgun A (2015) Clinical data integration model: Core interoperability ontology for research using primary care data. Methods Inf Med 54:16–23 . https://doi.org/10.3414/ME13-02-0024 Cite Download
Barton A, Rovetto R, Mizoguchi R (2014) Newtonian forces and causation: a dispositional account. In: Garbacz P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference (FOIS 2014). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 157–170 Cite Download
Barton A, Rosier A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2014) The cardiovascular disease ontology. In: Proceedings of the 8th conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 409–414 Cite Download
Barton A, Rosier A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2014) The cardiovascular disease ontology. In: Garbacz P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference (FOIS 2014). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 409–414 Cite Download
Barton A, Burgun A, Duvauferrier R (2012) Probability assignments to dispositions in ontologies. In: Donnelly M, Guizzardi G (eds) Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS2012). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 3–14 Cite Download
Masolo C, Barton A (accepté) The identity of property particulars. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–10 Cite
Barton A, Vieu L, Ethier J-F (accepté) Directing actions. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–10 Cite
Barton A, Fabry P, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F (accepté) LABO: An ontology for laboratory test prescription and reporting. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–9 Cite
Barton A, Fabry P, Ethier J-F (accepté) A classification of instructions in drug prescriptions and pharmacist documents. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO 2019). Buffalo, New York, USA, pp 1–7 Cite