Adrien Barton

Adrien Barton - GRIIS

CNRS research fellow at the Institut de recherche en informatique in Toulouse

Associate professor at the Department of Philosophy at Université de Sherbrooke

Trained in philosophy, mathematics, physics and logic from the École normale supérieur (ENS) in Lyon, Adrien Barton is a CNRS research fellow at the Toulouse Institute for Computer Research (IRIT), within the MELODI team. His research focuses on applied ontology in an interdisciplinary approach and on applied ethics.

His doctoral thesis was on the ontology of quantum mechanics. He has completed several postdoctoral projects on the contribution of philosophical ontology to applied ontology. He collaborates with computer scientists, physicians, philosophers and lawyers to develop and implement ontologies within a learning health system. He has worked on ethical issues raised by nudges and on consent to secondary use of health data for research purposes.

Postdoctoral research fellowships

2015-2018 Interdisciplinary Research Group in Health Informatics (GRIIS), Université de Sherbrooke

2013-2015, Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research (ISIR), Osaka University, Japan

2011-2012, Laboratory of Medical Informatics, Université Rennes 1—INSERM (France) and Philosophy Division, KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm)

Education

Ph.D., Université Paris 1 Panthéon—Sorbonne, philosophy

Magistère, ENS Lyon, sciences of matter

Master 1, Université de Paris 1 Panthéon — Sorbonne, logique

Awards

1st Prize, Ontology Contest, Cardiovascular Disease Ontology, Formal Ontology in Information Systems, 2014

Publications

Tarbouriech C, Vieu L, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2024) From slot mereology to a mereology of slots. Applied Ontology Preprint:1–50. https://doi.org/10.3233/AO-230051 Cite
Bilodeau E, Cumyn A, Ménard J-F, Dault R, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2023) Utilisations secondaires des données de santé : impacts de la transparence [soumis]. Revue Canadienne de Bioéthique Cite
Cumyn A, Ménard J-F, Barton A, Dault R, Lévesque F, Ethier J-F (2023) Patients' and Members of the Public's Wishes Regarding Transparency in the Context of Secondary Use of Health Data: Scoping Review. J Med Internet Res 25:e45002. https://doi.org/10.2196/45002 Cite
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Fraikin B, Barton A, Dussault S, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2022) Using an ontology to derive a sharable and interoperable relational data model for heterogeneous healthcare data and various applications. Methods Inf Med 61:e73–e88. https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1877-9498 Cite Download
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2022) Affordances and their ontological core. Applied Ontology 17:285–320. Cite
Cumyn A, Dault R, Barton A, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2021) Citizens, Research Ethics Committee Members and Researchers' Attitude Toward Information and Consent for the Secondary Use of Health Data: Implications for Research Within Learning Health Systems. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 16:165–178. https://doi.org/10.1177/1556264621992214 Cite Download
Cumyn A, Barton A, Dault R, Safa N, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2021) Meta-consent for the secondary use of health data within a learning health system: a qualitative study of the public's perspective. BMC Med Ethics 22:81. Cite Download
Olivier Grenier, Adrien Barton (2021) Vers une ontologie dispositionnelle du risque. Lato Sensu 8:57–69. https://doi.org/10.20416/LSRSPS.V8I2.6 Cite Download
Barton A, Cumyn A, Dault R, Ethier J-F (2021) Gift, Reciprocity and Learning Health Systems. Am J Bioeth 21:91–93. Cite
Ethier J-F, Goyer F, Fabry P, Barton A (2021) The prescription of drug ontology 2.0 (PDRO): More than the sum of its parts. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212025 Cite
Cumyn A, Barton A, Dault R, Cloutier A-M, Jalbert R, Ethier J-F (2019) Informed consent within a learning health system: A scoping review. Learn Health Syst 4:e10206. Cite Download
Ethier J-F, McGilchrist MM, Barton A, Cloutier A-M, Curcin V, Delaney BC, Burgun A (2018) The TRANSFoRm project: Experience and lessons learned regarding functional and interoperability requirements to support primary care. Learn Health Syst 2:e10037. https://doi.org/10.1002/lrh2.10037 Cite Download
Ethier J-F, Barton A, Taseen R (2018) An ontological analysis of drug prescriptions. Applied Ontology 13:273–294. https://doi.org/10.3233/AO-180202 Cite Download
Barton A, Ethier J-F, Duvauferrier R, Burgun A (2017) An ontological analysis of medical Bayesian indicators of performance. J Biomed Semant 8:1. Cite Download
Barton A, Rosier A (2016) Ontologies appliquées biomédicales et ontologie philosophique : un développement complémentaire. Lato Sensu 3:1–8 Cite
Barton A, Jebari K (2016) Le libre-arbitre dans l’interprétation d’Everett de la mécanique quantique. Igitur 8:1–11 Cite
Ethier J-F, Curcin V, Barton A, McGilchrist MM, Bastiaens H, Andreasson A, Rossiter J, Zhao L, Arvanitis TN, Taweel A, Delaney BC, Burgun A (2015) Clinical data integration model: Core interoperability ontology for research using primary care data. Methods Inf Med 54:16–23. https://doi.org/10.3414/ME13-02-0024 Cite Download
Barton A, Grüne-Yanoff T (2015) From libertarian paternalism to nudging—and beyond. Review of Philosophy and psychology 6:341–359 Cite Download
Barton A (2020) L'ontologie appliquée : un dialogue entre métaphysique analytique et traitement de l'information. In: Lacroix A (ed) La philosophie pratique : un passage obligé pour penser la société. Presses de l'Université Laval, pp 87–108 Cite
Barton A (2017) L’ontologie est-elle une science? In: Silberstein M (ed) Qu’est-ce que la science... pour vous?, Editions Matériologiques. Paris, France, pp 21–26 Cite
Barton A, Ethier J-F (2016) The two ontological faces of velocity. In: Ferrario R, Kuhn W (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference (FOIS 2016). IOS Press, Amsterdam, Pays-Bas, pp 123–136 Cite Download Download
Barton A (2016) La nature des probabilités dans les systèmes de raisonnement médical bayésien. In: Drouet I (ed) Les Approches et méthodes bayésiennes, fondements et pratiques, Editions Matériologiques. pp 53–86 Cite
Goyer F, Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2022) An ontology for healthcare systems. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO 2022). Ann Arbor, États-Unis Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Fabry P, Ethier J-F (2022) Representing Gender in Ontologies: A Dispositional Perspective. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO 2021). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–12 Cite Download
Barton A, Tarbouriech C, Vieu L, Ethier J-F (2022) A Mereological System for Informational Templates. In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings Cite
Fabry P, Goyer F, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2022) An informational perspective on the ontology of services. In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2022) Investigating Functions in BFO from the Viewpoint of Extrinsic Dispositions. In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2021) How an Aggregate View of Social Roles Meets Dispositions. In: Proceedings of the 7th Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2021). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie Cite Download
Barton A, Vieu L, Ethier J-F (2021) Expressions, Utterances and Directive Slots. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2021 (JOWO 2021). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie Cite Download
Barton A (2021) Foundations for an Ontology of Nudges. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO 2021). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie, pp 174–183 Cite
Fabry P, Goyer F, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2021) An Ontological Analysis of Health Procedure Information. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Biological Ontology (ICBO 2021). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie, pp 36–47 Cite
Tarbouriech C, Bernard D, Vieu L, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2021) Flight Procedures Description Using Semantic Roles. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2021 (JOWO 2021). CEUR Workshop Proceedings Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2021) Towards a Unified Dispositional Framework for Realizable Entities. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS 2021). IOS Press, Bolzano, Italie, pp 64–78 Cite Download
Tarbouriech C, Barton A, Vieu L, Ethier J-F (2021) The Counting Problem of Slot Mereology. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2021 (JOWO 2021) Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) Functional Parthood: A Dispositional Perspective. In: Proceedings of the 6th Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2020). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie (évènement virtuel), p 8 Cite Download
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Vieu L, Fabry P, Ethier J-F (2020) The Mereological Structure of Informational Entities. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press Cite Download
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Grenier O (2020) Foundations for an Ontology of Belief, Desire and Intention. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press, pp 140–154 Cite
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) QUESTO – An ontology for questionnaires. In: ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano, Italie, p B.1-12 Cite Download
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2020) Clinical Documents and Their Parts. In: Hastings J, Loebe F (eds) ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano, Italie (évènement virtuel), p A.1-11 Cite Download
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) An Ontological Representation of Sex and Gender Information. In: Hastings J, Loebe F (eds) ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano, Italy, p O.1-5 Cite Download
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2020) Approaching Roles with Affordances. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Virtuel et Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–14 Cite Download
Toyoshima F, Barton A (2019) Linking image schemas with affordances: An ontological approach. In: Seppälä S, Porello D (eds) Proceedings of the 5th Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2019). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Graz, Autriche, pp 1–9 Cite
Barton A, Seppälä S, Porello D (2019) Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 - Episode V: The Styrian Autumn of Ontology. In: JOWO 2019 The Joint Ontology Workshops. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Graz, Autriche Cite
Barton A, Fabry P, Ethier J-F (2019) A classification of instructions in drug prescriptions and pharmacist documents. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO 2019). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Buffalo, États-Unis, pp 1–7 Cite
Barton A, Vieu L, Ethier J-F (2019) Directing actions. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–10 Cite
Barton A, Fabry P, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F (2019) LABO: An ontology for laboratory test prescription and reporting. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–9 Cite
Masolo C, Barton A (2019) The identity of property particulars. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–10 Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A (2019) A formal representation of affordances as reciprocal dispositions. In: Kutz O, Hedblom MM (eds) Proceedings of TriCoLore 2018: The 7th International Workshop on Computational Creativity, Concept Invention, and General Intelligence (C3GI 2018), The 4th Image Schema Day (ISD4), and SCORE. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–9 Cite
Barton A, Grenier O, Ethier J-F (2018) The identity and mereology of pathological dispositions. In: Jaiswal P, Cooper L, Haendel MA, Mungall CJ (eds) Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Biological Ontology (ICBO 2018). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Corvallis, Oregon, États-Unis, pp 1–6 Cite
Barton A, Jansen L, Rosier A, Ethier J-F (2018) What is a risk? A formal representation of risk of stroke for people with atrial fibrillation. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology. Newcastle, Royaume-Uni, pp 1–6 Cite Download
Barton A, Duncan W, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2018) First steps towards an ontology of belief. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2018 (JOWO 2018). Cape Town, Afrique du Sud, pp 1–5 Cite Download
Barton A, Grenier O, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2018) The identity of dispositions. In: Borgo S, Hitzler P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference (FOIS 2018). IOS Press, Cape Town, Afrique du Sud, pp 113–126 Cite Download Download
Barton A, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2018) A taxonomy of disposition-parthood. In: Galton A, Neuhaus F (eds) Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2017, CEUR Workshop proceedings. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–10 Cite Download
Barton A, Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F (2017) Ambiguities in medical bitemporalized relational databases: A referent tracking view. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2017. Boeker, M., Herre, H., Jansen, L., Loebe, F., & Shober, D., Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–5 Cite Download
Barton A, Cumyn A, Jalbert R, Dault R, Ethier J-F (2017) Consent to secondary use of clinical data for research purposes in a LHS: a scoping review. Palmer Common, État-Unis Cite
Ethier J-F, Taseen R, Lavoie L, Barton A (2016) Improving the semantics of drug prescriptions with a realist ontology. In: Jaiswal P, Hoehndorf R, Arighi C, Meier A (eds) Proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Biological Ontology and BioCreative. Oregon, États-Unis, p IT603:1-6 Cite Download
Barton A, Jansen L (2016) A modelling pattern for multi-track dispositions for life-science ontologies. In: Loebe F, Boeker M, Herre H, Jansen L, Schober D (eds) ODLS 2016 - Ontologies and Data in Life Sciences. p H.1-2 Cite Download
Barton A, Duvauferrier R, Burgun A (2015) Formalization of indicators of diagnostic performance in a realist ontology. In: Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO-2015). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, pp 63–70 Cite Download
Barton A, Rosier A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2014) The Cardiovascular Disease Ontology. In: Proceedings of the eighth conference (FOIS 2014).Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems, Rio de Janeiro, Brésil. IOS Press, pp 409–414 Cite Download
Cumyn A, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2021) Projet CLARET : Données de santé et méta-consentement Cite
Cumyn A, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2021) Projet CLARET : Données de santé et méta-consentement Cite
Cumyn A, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2021) Projet CLARET  : Données de santé et méta-consentement Cite
Cumyn A, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2021) Projet CLARET : Données de santé et méta-consentement Cite
Barton A, Ethier J-F (2021) Ontologies biomédicales Cite Download
Cumyn A, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2019) Le point de vue des citoyens quant à l’utilisation des données de santé pour la recherche Cite
Barton A, Cumyn A, Dault R, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2019) Initiative CLARET : Consentement pour l’utilisation secondaire des données médicales en recherche Cite
Cumyn A, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2019) Le consentement à l’utilisation des données de santé pour la recherche : CLARET Cite
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2019) LABO: an ontology for laboratory test prescription and reporting Cite Download Download
Beaudoin A-A, Dault R, Barton A, Cumyn A, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2018) Initiative CLARET : consentement pour l’utilisation secondaire des données médicales en recherche Cite
Barton A, Cumyn A, Dault R, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2018) Initiative CLARET : Consentement et LittérAtie pour la Recherche ÉThique Cite
Dault R, Barton A, Cumyn A, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2018) Caractériser le processus de consentement à la recherche dans un système de santé apprenant Cite Download
Dault R, Barton A, Cumyn A, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2018) Caractériser le processus de consentement à la recherche dans un système de santé apprenant Cite Download
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2017) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Taseen R, Ethier J-F, Barton A (2016) On prescribing drug prescriptions Cite
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2016) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2016) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2016) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Barton A, Ethier J-F, Taseen R (2016) Ontologies to support learning health systems Cite
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2015) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Fraikin B, Barton A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2019) Generating a relational database for heterogeneous data using an ontology Cite Download