Adrien Barton

Adrien Barton - GRIIS

Associate professor at the Department of Philosophy at Université de Sherbrooke

CNRS research fellow at the Institut de recherche en informatique in Toulouse

Trained in philosophy, mathematics, physics and logic from the École normale supérieur (ENS) in Lyon, Adrien Barton is a CNRS research fellow at the Toulouse Institute for Computer Research (IRIT), within the MELODI team. His research focuses on applied ontology in an interdisciplinary approach and on applied ethics.

His doctoral thesis was on the ontology of quantum mechanics. He has completed several postdoctoral projects on the contribution of philosophical ontology to applied ontology. He collaborates with computer scientists, physicians, philosophers and lawyers to develop and implement ontologies within a learning health system. He has worked on ethical issues raised by nudges and on consent to secondary use of health data for research purposes.

Postdoctoral research fellowships

2015-2018 Interdisciplinary Research Group in Health Informatics (GRIIS), Université de Sherbrooke

2013-2015, Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research (ISIR), Osaka University, Japan

2011-2012, Laboratory of Medical Informatics, Université Rennes 1—INSERM (France) and Philosophy Division, KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm)

Education

Ph.D., Université Paris 1 Panthéon—Sorbonne, philosophy

Magistère, ENS Lyon, sciences of matter

Master 1, Université de Paris 1 Panthéon — Sorbonne, logique

Awards

1st Prize, Ontology Contest, Cardiovascular Disease Ontology, Formal Ontology in Information Systems, 2014

Publications

Cumyn A, Dault R, Barton A, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2021) Citizens, Research Ethics Committee Members and Researchers' Attitude Toward Information and Consent for the Secondary Use of Health Data: Implications for Research Within Learning Health Systems. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 14 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1556264621992214 Cite Download
Cumyn A, Barton A, Dault R, Cloutier A-M, Jalbert R, Ethier J-F (2019) Informed consent within a learning health system: A scoping review. Learning Health Systems. https://doi.org/10.1002/lrh2.10206 Cite Download
Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Fraikin B, Barton A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2019) Advanced ontology-driven relational database generation for heterogeneous data : Ontorelα. Journal on Data Semantics (JODS) [Submitted 2019-09-20] Cite
Ethier J-F, McGilchrist M, Barton A, Cloutier A-M, Curcin V, Delaney BC, Burgun A (2018) The TRANSFoRm project: Experience and lessons learned regarding functional and  interoperability requirements to support primary care. Learn Health Syst 2:e10037 . https://doi.org/10.1002/lrh2.10037 Cite
Ethier J-F, Barton A, Taseen R (2018) An ontological analysis of drug prescriptions. Applied Ontology 13:273–294 . https://doi.org/10.3233/AO-180202 Cite Download
Barton A, Ethier J-F, Duvauferrier R, Burgun A (2017) An ontological analysis of medical Bayesian indicators of performance. J Biomed Semantics 8:1 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13326-016-0099-4 Cite
Barton A, Ethier J-F, Duvauferrier R, Burgun A (2017) An ontological analysis of medical Bayesian indicators of performance. J Biomed Semant 8:1 . Cite Download
Ethier J-F, McGilchrist MM, Barton A, Cloutier A-M, Curcin V, Delaney BC, Burgun A (2017) The TRANSFoRm project: Experience and lessons learned regarding functional and interoperability requirements to support primary care. Learn Health Sys. https://doi.org/10.1002/lrh2.10037 Cite Download
Barton A, Rosier A (2016) Ontologies appliquées biomédicales et ontologie philosophique : un développement complémentaire. Lato Sensu 3:1–8 Cite
Barton A, Jebari K (2016) Le libre-arbitre dans l’interprétation d’Everett de la mécanique quantique. Igitur 8:1–11 Cite
Ethier J-F, Curcin V, Barton A, McGilchrist MM, Bastiaens H, Andreasson A, Rossiter J, Zhao L, Arvanitis TN, Taweel A, Delaney BC, Burgun A (2015) Clinical data integration model: Core interoperability ontology for research using primary care data. Methods Inf Med 54:16–23 . https://doi.org/10.3414/ME13-02-0024 Cite Download
Barton A, Grüne-Yanoff T (2015) From libertarian paternalism to nudging—and beyond. Review of Philosophy and psychology 6:341–359 Cite Download
Barton A (2013) How tobacco health warnings can foster autonomy. Public Health Ethics 6:207–219 Cite Download
Cumyn A, Barton A, Dault R, Safa N, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (En évaluation) Meta-Consent for the Secondary Use of Health Data Within A Learning Health System: A Qualitative Study of the Public's Perspective. BMC Medical Ethics. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-137973/v1 Cite Download
Barton A (2020) L'ontologie appliquée : un dialogue entre métaphysique analytique et traitement de l'information. In: Lacroix A (ed) La philosophie pratique : un passage obligé pour penser la société. Presses de l'Université Laval, pp 87–108 Cite
Barton A (2017) L’ontologie est-elle une science? In: Silberstein M (ed) Qu’est-ce que la science... pour vous?, Editions Matériologiques. Paris, pp 21–26 Cite
Barton A, Ethier J-F (2016) The two ontological faces of velocity. In: Ferrario R, Kuhn W (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference (FOIS 2016). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 123–136 Cite Download Download
Barton A (2016) La nature des probabilités dans les systèmes de raisonnement médical bayésien. In: Drouet I (ed) Les Approches et méthodes bayésiennes, fondements et pratiques, Editions Matériologiques. pp 53–86 Cite
Barton A, Rovetto R, Mizoguchi R (2014) Newtonian forces and causation: a dispositional account. In: Garbacz P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference (FOIS 2014). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 157–170 Cite Download
Barton A (2014) Understanding probabilities in the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. In: Aerts D, Aerts S, De Ronde C (eds) Probing the meaning of Quantum Mechanics: Physical, Philosophical, Mathematical and Logical Perspectives. World Scientific, Singapore, pp 209–222 Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) Functional Parthood: A Dispositional Perspective. In: Proceedings of the 6th Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2020). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Virtual & Bozen-Bolzano, Italy, p 8 Cite Download
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Vieu L, Fabry P, Ethier J-F (2020) The Mereological Structure of Informational Entities. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press Cite Download
Toyoshima F, Barton A, Grenier O (2020) Foundations for an Ontology of Belief, Desire and Intention. In: Brodaric B, Neuhaus F (eds) Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications. IOS Press, pp 140–154 Cite
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2020) Clinical Documents and Their Parts. In: Hastings J, Loebe F (eds) ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano (virtual event), Italy, p A.1-11 Cite Download
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) An Ontological Representation of Sex and Gender Information. In: Hastings J, Loebe F (eds) ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano, Italy, p O.1-5 Cite Download
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2020) QUESTO – An ontology for questionnaire. In: ICBO|ODLS 2020 International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies 2020. CEUR-WS.org, Bolzano, Italy, p B.1-12 Cite Download
Barton A, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2020) Approaching Roles with Affordances. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Virtual & Bozen-Bolzano, Italy, p 14 Cite Download
Toyoshima F, Barton A (2019) Linking image schemas with affordances: An ontological approach. In: Barton A, Seppälä S, Porello D (eds) Proceedings of the 5th Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2019). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Graz, Austria, pp 1–9 Cite
Barton A, Seppälä S, Porello D (2019) Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 - Episode V: The Styrian Autumn of Ontology. In: JOWO 2019 The Joint Ontology Workshops. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Graz, Autriche Cite
Toyoshima F, Barton A (2019) A formal representation of affordances as reciprocal dispositions. In: Kutz O, Hedblom MM (eds) Proceedings of TriCoLore 2018: The 7th International Workshop on Computational Creativity, Concept Invention, and General Intelligence (C3GI 2018), The 4th Image Schema Day (ISD4), and SCORE. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–9 Cite
Barton A, Duncan W, Toyoshima F, Ethier J-F (2018) First steps towards an ontology of belief. In: The Joint Ontology Workshops JOWO 2018. Cape Town, Afrique du Sud Cite Download
Barton A, Grenier O, Ethier J-F (2018) The identity and mereology of pathological dispositions. In: Jaiswal P, Cooper L, Haendel MA, Mungall CJ (eds) Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Biological Ontology (ICBO 2018). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Corvallis, Oregon, États-Unis, pp 1–6 Cite
Barton A, Grenier O, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2018) The identity of dispositions. In: Borgo S, Hitzler P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference (FOIS 2018). IOS Press, Cape Town, Afrique du Sud, pp 113–126 Cite Download Download
Barton A, Jansen L, Ethier J-F (2018) A taxonomy of disposition-parthood. In: Galton A, Neuhaus F (eds) Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2017, CEUR Workshop proceedings. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–10 Cite Download
Barton A, Jansen L, Rosier A, Ethier J-F (2018) What is a risk? A formal representation of risk of stroke for people with atrial fibrillation. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology. Newcastle, UK, pp 1–6 Cite Download
Barton A, Khnaisser C, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F (2017) Ambiguities in medical bitemporalized relational databases: A referent tracking view. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2017, CEUR Workshop proceedings. Boeker, M., Herre, H., Jansen, L., Loebe, F., & Shober, D., Bolzano, Italie, pp 1–5 Cite Download
Ethier J-F, Taseen R, Lavoie L, Barton A (2016) Improving the semantics of drug prescriptions with a realist ontology. In: Jaiswal P, Hoehndorf R, Arighi C, Meier A (eds) Proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Biological Ontology and BioCreative. Oregon, États-Unis, p IT603:1-6 Cite Download
Barton A, Jansen L (2016) A modelling pattern for multi-track dispositions for life-science ontologies. In: Loebe F, Boeker M, Herre H, Jansen L, Schober D (eds) ODLS 2016 - Ontologies and Data in Life Sciences. p H.1-2 Cite Download
Barton A, Duvauferrier R, Burgun A (2015) Formalization of indicators of diagnostic performance in a realist ontology. In: Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO-2015). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, pp 63–70 Cite Download
Barton A, Rosier A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2014) The cardiovascular disease ontology. In: Proceedings of the 8th conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 409–414 Cite Download
Barton A, Rosier A, Burgun A, Ethier J-F (2014) The cardiovascular disease ontology. In: Garbacz P, Kutz O (eds) Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference (FOIS 2014). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 409–414 Cite Download
Barton A, Burgun A, Duvauferrier R (2012) Probability assignments to dispositions in ontologies. In: Donnelly M, Guizzardi G (eds) Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS2012). IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp 3–14 Cite Download
Masolo C, Barton A (accepté) The identity of property particulars. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–10 Cite
Barton A, Vieu L, Ethier J-F (accepté) Directing actions. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–10 Cite
Barton A, Fabry P, Lavoie L, Ethier J-F (accepté) LABO: An ontology for laboratory test prescription and reporting. In: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 (JOWO 2019). Graz, Autriche, pp 1–9 Cite
Barton A, Fabry P, Ethier J-F (accepté) A classification of instructions in drug prescriptions and pharmacist documents. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Biomedical Ontology (ICBO 2019). Buffalo, New York, USA, pp 1–7 Cite
Fabry P, Barton A, Ethier J-F (2019) LABO: an ontology for laboratory test prescription and reporting Cite Download Download
Beaudoin A-A, Dault R, Barton A, Cumyn A, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2018) Initiative CLARET: consentement pour l’utilisation secondaire des données médicales en recherche Cite
Dault R, Barton A, Cumyn A, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2018) Caractériser le processus de consentement à la recherche dans un système de santé apprenant Cite Download
Dault R, Barton A, Cumyn A, Cloutier A-M, Ethier J-F (2018) Caractériser le processus de consentement à la recherche dans un système de santé apprenant Cite Download
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2017) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Taseen R, Ethier J-F, Barton A (2016) On prescribing drug prescriptions Cite
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2016) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2016) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2016) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite
Barton A, Ethier J-F, Taseen R (2016) Ontologies to support learning health systems Cite
Barton A, Taseen R, Ethier J-F (2015) PDRO: une ontologie des prescriptions médicales Cite